Verse I.18

From Buddha-Nature

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Ratnagotravibhāga Root Verse I.18

Verse I.18 Variations

ज्ञानदर्शनशुद्‍ध्या बुद्धज्ञानादनुत्तरात्
अवैवर्त्याद्‍भवन्त्यार्याः शरणं सर्वदेहिनाम्
jñānadarśanaśuddhyā buddhajñānādanuttarāt
avaivartyādbhavantyāryāḥ śaraṇaṃ sarvadehinām
E. H. Johnston as input by the University of the West.[1]
ཡེ་ཤེས་གཟིགས་པ་དག་པས་ན། །
སངས་རྒྱས་ཡེ་ཤེས་བླ་མེད་ཕྱིར། །
འཕགས་པ་ཕྱིར་མི་ལྡོག་པ་ནི། །
ལུས་ཅན་ཀུན་གྱི་སྐྱབས་ཡིན་ནོ། །
By virtue of this purity of the vision of wisdom,
The noble ones, who are irreversible
From unsurpassable buddha wisdom,
Are the refuge of all that lives.
如實知見道 見清淨佛智

故不退聖人 能作眾生依

Comme leur vision de sagesse est pure
Et [proche de] l’insurpassable sagesse des bouddhas,
Les êtres sublimes qui ne régressent plus
Sont des refuges pour tous les êtres vivants.

RGVV Commentary on Verse I.18

Other English translations[edit]

Obermiller (1931) [11]
Through their immaculate Transcendental Intuition,
They (are near) to the Divine Wisdom of the Buddha.
Therefore the Saints that have attained the Irretrievable State
Are the refuge of all living beings.—
Takasaki (1966) [12]
Through the purity of their perception by wisdom,
It is superior as [being the same as] Buddha's Wisdom
Therefore, the Saints abiding in the irreversible state
Are [worthy of being] the refuge of all living beings.
Fuchs (2000) [13]
Their vision [of] primordial wisdom is pure
and [nears] unsurpassable buddha wisdom.
The noble ones who do not fall back
are therefore a refuge for all beings.

Textual sources[edit]

Commentaries on this verse[edit]

Academic notes[edit]

  1. Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon Unicode Input
  2. Brunnhölzl, Karl. When the Clouds Part: The Uttaratantra and its Meditative Tradition as a Bridge between Sūtra and Tantra. Boston: Snow Lion Publications, an imprint of Shambhala Publications, 2014.
  3. I follow Takasaki’s and Schmithausen’s emendation of MB and J avaivartyād to avaivartyā, which is confirmed by VT (fol. 11v5) avivartyā.
  4. The translation of I.18bc follows Schmithausen’s relating buddhajñānād anuttarāt to avaivartyā, which is confirmed by VT (fol. 11v5) anuttarād buddhajñānād avivartyā āryā bhavanti. However, lines I.18bc could also be read as "Buddha wisdom is unsurpassable. Therefore, the irreversible noble ones . . . ,"which is suggested by DP sang rgyas ye shes bla med phyir / ’phags pa phyir mi ldog pa ni / and RGVV’s comments on these lines.
  5. J upaniṣad ("cause" or "basis").
  6. Note that RGVV speaks of only two qualities of the irreversible bodhisattva saṃgha—the wisdom of suchness and the wisdom of variety. However, many Tibetan commentaries count six qualities in Uttaratantra I.13–18, which are subsumed under the two categories of the qualities of awareness and liberation (just as with the eight qualities of the Buddha and the dharma, these two categories are then counted as two additional qualities of the saṃgha). The qualities of awareness are (1) the wisdom of suchness, (2) the wisdom of variety, and (3) wisdom’s being internal. The qualities of liberation are (4)–(5) being pure of both afflictive and cognitive obscurations and (6) being endowed with unsurpassable qualities.
  7. As Takasaki (1966a, 177n35) points out, C inserts here a verse on the bodhisattva saṃgha’s being superior to the śrāvaka saṃgha in ten points (this verse is not contained in DP either, but it may have been present in a different Sanskrit manuscript). Accordingly, bodhisattvas are superior in terms of their (1) perception of objects, (2) qualities, (3) attainment, (4) nirvāṇa that is attained after having liberated all beings, (5) bhūmis, (6) purity, (7) perfect compassion regarding all beings as equal, (8) birth in the family of tathāgatas due to that birth’s being ultimately unborn, (9) perfect masteries, supernatural knowledges, and so on, and (10) unsurpassable fruition of supreme awakening.
  8. DP omit the phrase "the mind streams that are the multitudes of . . ." (gaṇasaṃtāna°).
  9. J ananyapoṣigaṇyam; Pāli anaññaposin refers to the homeless mendicant who does not maintain a family and entertains no passion.
  10. I follow MB °niṣṭhāgatam apy āryaśrāvakam (confirmed by DP mthar phyin par gyur pa yang) against J °niṣṭhāgatam āryaśrāvakam.
  11. Obermiller, E. "The Sublime Science of the Great Vehicle to Salvation Being a Manual of Buddhist Monism." Acta Orientalia IX (1931), pp. 81-306.
  12. Takasaki, Jikido. A Study on the Ratnagotravibhāga (Uttaratantra): Being a Treatise on the Tathāgatagarbha Theory of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Serie Orientale Roma 33. Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente (ISMEO), 1966.
  13. Fuchs, Rosemarie, trans. Buddha Nature: The Mahayana Uttaratantra Shastra. Commentary by Jamgon Kongtrul and explanations by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso. Ithaca, N. Y.: Snow Lion Publications, 2000.