ātman

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Glossaryātman

Sanskrit Noun

ātman

self
आत्मन्
བདག་
我,灵魂

Basic Meaning

Though it can simply be used as the expression "I" or "me", in Indian thought the notion of self refers to a permanent, unchanging entity, such as that which passes from life to life in the case of people, or the innate essence (svabhāva) of phenomena.

Has the Sense of

The notion of ātman is often equated with the Western notions of an eternal soul.

On this topic
Term Variations
Key Term ātman
Topic Variation ātman
Tibetan བདག་  ( dak)
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration bdag  ( dak)
Devanagari Sanskrit आत्मन्
Chinese 我, 灵魂
Chinese Pinyin wǒ, línghún
Japanese Transliteration ga
Korean Transliteration a
Buddha-nature Site Standard English self
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term identity
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term self
Gyurme Dorje's English Term "self"
Term Information
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning Though it can simply be used as the expression "I" or "me", in Indian thought the notion of self refers to a permanent, unchanging entity, such as that which passes from life to life in the case of people, or the innate essence (svabhāva) of phenomena.
Has the Sense of The notion of ātman is often equated with the Western notions of an eternal soul.
Related Terms anātman, svabhāva
Term Type Noun
Definitions
Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism See page 78: In Sanskrit, “self’ or “I,” with a similar range of meanings as the terms possess in English, but used especially to refer to a perduring substratum of being that is the agent of actions, the possessor of mind and body (nāmarūpa), and that passes from lifetime to lifetime.
Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary essence, self-entity, identity.