śrāvaka

From Buddha-Nature

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Glossaryśrāvaka

Sanskrit Noun

śrāvaka

Hearer, Disciple
श्रावक
ཉན་ཐོས།
聲聞

Basic Meaning

The disciples of the Buddha who aspire to attain individual liberation or nirvāṇa. The final goal of the Hearers is to reach arhathood, a state in which one has totally eliminated the inner problems of attachment, hatred and ignorance, the main causes rebirth in this cycle of existence. There are four stages of a śrāvaka path including eight phases.

Has the Sense of

Because they mainly rely on the words of the Buddha in their spiritual practice, they are known as Hearers or Listeners. The śrāvaka vehicle is the one of the three vehicles or yānas in Buddhism beside the vehicles of Solitary Realizers and Bodhisattvas

Term Variations
Key Term śrāvaka
Topic Variation śrāvaka
Tibetan ཉན་ཐོས།  ( nyentö)
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration nyan thos  ( nyentö)
Devanagari Sanskrit श्रावक  ( śrāvaka)
Romanized Sanskrit śrāvaka  ( śrāvaka)
Chinese 聲聞
Chinese Pinyin shēng wén
Japanese 声聞
Japanese Transliteration shōmon
Buddha-nature Site Standard English Hearer, Disciple
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term Hearer
Term Information
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The disciples of the Buddha who aspire to attain individual liberation or nirvāṇa. The final goal of the Hearers is to reach arhathood, a state in which one has totally eliminated the inner problems of attachment, hatred and ignorance, the main causes rebirth in this cycle of existence. There are four stages of a śrāvaka path including eight phases.
Has the Sense of Because they mainly rely on the words of the Buddha in their spiritual practice, they are known as Hearers or Listeners. The śrāvaka vehicle is the one of the three vehicles or yānas in Buddhism beside the vehicles of Solitary Realizers and Bodhisattvas
Term Type Noun
Definitions
Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary proclaimer

shravaka/ hearer of the teachings shravaka. 'Hearer' or 'listener.' Hinayana practitioner of the First Turning of the Wheel of the Dharma on the four noble truths who realizes the suffering inherent in samsara, and focuses on understanding that there is no independent self. By conquering disturbing emotions, he liberates himself, attaining first the stage of Stream Enterer at the Path of Seeing, followed by the stage of Once-Returner who will be reborn only one more time, and the stage of Non-returner who will no longer be reborn into samsara. The final goal is to become an Arhat. These four stages are also known as the 'four results of spiritual practice.'

shravaka, hearer, pious attendants. disciples, hearer of the teachings listener, disciple [of the Buddha]; hearer of the teachings. Expl.: sgra don ni/ gzhan brten thos sgrog nyan thos/ /zhes pa ste/ de'ang legs sbyar skad du/ shra ba ka zhes pa nyan pa dang thos pa gnyis ka la 'jug pas nyan thos zhes bya ba yin te/ bu ddha sangs pa dang rgyas pa gnyis ka la 'jug pas sangs rgyas zhes brjod pa ltar ro/ /rnam pa gcig tu na/ gzhan brten thos sgrog ces pas/ slob dpon gzhan la brten zhing de las thos pa dang yul gzhan la sgrog pas thos sgrog gam nyan thos zhes bya'o

Shravaka, "listener," a Hinayana follower of the Buddha
Tshig mdzod Chen mo ཐེག་པ་གསུམ་གྱི་ནང་ཚན་ཉན་ཐོས་ཀྱི་ཐེག་པ་ལ་ཞུགས་པའི་གང་ཟག་སྟེ། ཐེག་ཆེན་གྱི་སྡེ་སྣོད་རང་གིས་གཙོ་བོར་ཉམས་སུ་མི་ལེན་པ་དང་། སངས་རྒྱས་སོགས་ལས་ཉན་ཞིང་ཐོས་པར་བྱེད་པས་ན་ཉན་ཐོས་དང་། ཐོས་ནས་གཞན་ལ་སྒྲོག་པར་བྱེད་པས་ན་ཐོས་སྒྲོག་ཀྱང་ཟེར། མིང་གི་རྣམ་གྲངས་ལ་བརྟུལ་ཞུགས་དབང་པོ་དང་། ཐུབ་དབང་གསུང་སྐྱེས། ཐེག་ཆུང་སྐྱེས་བུ། ཐོས་སྒྲོག་པ། སྦྱངས་པའི་ཡོན་ཏན་ལ་གནས་པ་བཅས་སོ།
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