Mahāyoga

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GlossaryMahāyoga

Sanskrit School

Mahāyoga

Mahāyoga, Great Yoga
महायोग
མཧཱ་ཡོ་ག, རྣལ་འབྱོར་ཆེན་པོ།

Basic Meaning

This is first one of the inner tantric schools according to the Nyingma tradition. Mahāyoga includes two sub-sections of the tantras which includes eighteen tantras and the sādhanās that includes the eight sādhanā practices. Mahāyoga focuses on the Development Stage and espouses the view of equality and purity in which equality refers to equal nature of phenomena in being empty and purity refers to all appearances being inherently enlightened energies. The Mahāyoga path leads to four stages of vidyadharas.

Has the Sense of

Mahāyoga is great or supreme with respect to outer tantras and focuses on the skill-in-means, thus mainly refers to what are known as male tantras.

Term Variations
Key Term Mahāyoga
Topic Variation Mahāyoga
Tibetan མཧཱ་ཡོ་ག, རྣལ་འབྱོར་ཆེན་པོ།  ( naljor chenpo)
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration rnal 'byor chen po  ( naljor chenpo)
Devanagari Sanskrit महायोग  ( Mahāyoga)
Romanized Sanskrit Mahāyoga  ( Mahāyoga)
Buddha-nature Site Standard English Mahāyoga, Great Yoga
Richard Barron's English Term supreme immersion
Term Information
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning This is first one of the inner tantric schools according to the Nyingma tradition. Mahāyoga includes two sub-sections of the tantras which includes eighteen tantras and the sādhanās that includes the eight sādhanā practices. Mahāyoga focuses on the Development Stage and espouses the view of equality and purity in which equality refers to equal nature of phenomena in being empty and purity refers to all appearances being inherently enlightened energies. The Mahāyoga path leads to four stages of vidyadharas.
Has the Sense of Mahāyoga is great or supreme with respect to outer tantras and focuses on the skill-in-means, thus mainly refers to what are known as male tantras.
Term Type School
Definitions
Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism In Sanskrit great yoga”; the seventh of the nine vehicles according to the Rnying ma sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Here, the system of practice described elsewhere as anuttarayogatantra is divided into three: mahäyoga, anuyoga, and atiyoga, with mahäyoga corresponding roughly to practices of the “stage of generation” (utpaitikrama), in which one visualizes oneself as a deity and one’s environment as a maņdala. Its root text is the Guhyagarbhatantra.
Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary The first of the 'Three Inner Tantras.' Mahayoga as scripture is divided into two parts: Tantra Section and Sadhana Section. The Tantra Section consists of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras while the Sadhana Section is comprised of the Eight Sadhana Teachings. Jamgön Kongtrül says in his Treasury of Knowledge: "Mahayoga emphasizes means (upaya), the development stage, and the view that liberation is attained through growing accustomed to the insight into the nature of the indivisibility of the superior two truths." The superior two truths in Mahayoga are purity and equality – the pure natures of the aggregates, elements and sense factors are the male and female buddhas and bodhisattvas. At the same time, everything that appears and exists is of the equal nature of emptiness.
RigpaWiki rigpa:Mahayoga