pratītyasamutpāda

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Glossarypratītyasamutpāda

Sanskrit Noun

pratītyasamutpāda

dependent origination
प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद
རྟེན་ཅིང་འབྲེལ་བར་འབྱུང་བ་, རྟེན་འབྲེལ་
緣起

Basic Meaning

The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.

Has the Sense of

In Madhyamaka thought it is used to describe the relative level of the truth. Since phenomena come into being interdependently at this level, they are therefore empty of inherent existence at the ultimate level.

Read It in the Scriptures

Because there are no phenomena
That are not dependently arisen,
There are no phenomena
That are not empty.
 
~ Nāgārjuna. Mūlamadhyamakakārikā Chapter 24, Verse 19.
On this topic
Term Variations
Key Term pratītyasamutpāda
Topic Variation pratītyasamutpāda
Tibetan རྟེན་ཅིང་འབྲེལ་བར་འབྱུང་བ་, རྟེན་འབྲེལ་  ( tenching drelwar jungwa, ten drel)
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration rten cing 'brel bar 'byung ba, rten 'brel  ( tenching drelwar jungwa, ten drel)
Devanagari Sanskrit प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद
Chinese 緣起
Chinese Pinyin yuánqǐ
Japanese Transliteration engi
Buddha-nature Site Standard English dependent origination
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term dependent origination
Richard Barron's English Term interdependence, occurring in/ coming into being through interdependent connection, interdependent origination
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term dependent-arising
Dan Martin's English Term Emerging through containment-connection.
Gyurme Dorje's English Term dependent origination
Ives Waldo's English Term Interdependent origination
Term Information
Usage Example apratītya samutpanno dharmaḥ kaścin na vidyate

yasmāt tasmād aśūnyo hi dharmaḥ kaścin na vidyate

གང་ཕྱིར་རྟེན་འབྱུང་མ་ཡིན་པའི།
།ཆོས་འགའ་ཡོད་པ་མ་ཡིན་པ།
།དེ་ཕྱིར་སྟོང་པ་མ་ཡིན་པའི།
།ཆོས་འགའ་ཡོད་པ་མ་ཡིན་ནོ།

Nāgārjuna. Mūlamadhyamakakārikā, XXIV.19
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.
Has the Sense of In Madhyamaka thought it is used to describe the relative level of the truth. Since phenomena come into being interdependently at this level, they are therefore empty of inherent existence at the ultimate level.
Term Type Noun
Definitions
Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary dependent origination. The natural law that all phenomena arise 'dependent upon' their own causes 'in connection with' their individual conditions. The fact that no phenomena appear without a cause and none are made by an uncaused creator. Everything arises exclusively due to and dependent upon the coincidence of causes and conditions without which they cannot possibly appear.
Wikipedia wikipedia:Pratītyasamutpāda