The volume brings together a selection of the late author's previously published papers written in English (and one in German). Their subject matter relates by and large to the tathāgatagarbha
theory or the idea of Buddhanature, which have been the main subjects of his research over the years.
In part 1 he has singled out those scriptures that use the term tathāgatagarbha
as their principal term and identified three scriptures—Tathāgatagarbha-sūtra
, and Śrīmālādevīnirdeśa
—as the basis for the formation of the tathāgatagarbha
theory. Next, he has placed the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa-sūtra
, which uses the term buddhadhātu
for the first time as a synonym of tathāgatagarbha
, and associated scriptures in a second group, while in the third group we have the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra
and so on, in which the concept of tathāgatagarbha
is identified with ālayavijñana
, the basic concept of the Vijñānavāda.
In part 2, he has dealt with the prehistory of the tathāgatagarbha
theory in Mahāyāna scriptures that use terms synonymous with tathāgatagarbha
, such as gotra
, and so on. The main points made in this work are discussed in the papers that have now been brought together in the present volume.
This volume has for convenience' sake been divided into seven parts according to subject matter. Part 1 presents a textual study, namely, a critical edition of chapter 6 of the Laṅkāvatāra
. Part 2 deals with subjects concerning scriptures such as the Laṅkāvatāra
, part 3 with technical terms and basic concepts of the tathāgatagarbha
theory, part 4 with tathāgatagarbha
doctrine in general, and part 5 with Japanese Buddhism and Buddhism in East Asia (on the basis of scriptures translated into Chinese). Part 6 presents a historical survey of Japanese scholarship on Buddhism, and part 7 consists of several book reviews. (Source: Motilal Banarsidass
Takasaki, Jikido. Collected Papers on the Tathāgatagarbha Doctrine. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2014.