Kosho Yamamoto was a scholar of Buddhist Studies. He is the author/translator of numerous works, including The Udumbara: Tales from the Buddhist Japan (1959), The Buddha: An Appreciation of His Life and Teaching (1961), An Introduction to Shin Buddhism (1965), The Life of the Buddha Through Gandhara Sculptures, and The Kyogyoshinsho, or The 'Teaching, Practice, Faith, and Attainment' (1975), among many others. He is perhaps known most for his complete English translation of Dharmakṣema's version of the Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra (1973-75). In 1967 he traveled to Europe (including Spain, The Netherlands, Germany and the U.K.) to meet with prominent members of the Buddhist community at that time (such as Christmas Humphreys and Maurice Walshe in England). He wrote a book about his observations that same year, entitled Buddhism in Europe. While his translation of the Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra has been criticized for its various imperfections, his work was indeed historic and pioneering, influencing a generation of scholars who studied the text.