Thogs med bzang po

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ཐོགས་མེད་བཟང་པོ་
Tokme Zangpo(1295 - 1369) 
Gyalse Tokme Zangpo was a Kadampa master of the fourteenth century based at Ngulchu Monastery where he sat in retreat for twenty years. He had previously served as the abbot of Bodong E for about nine years, from 1326 to 1335. Significant in the transmission of Lojong teachings, his compositions include the famous Thirty-seven Practices of the Bodhisattva, one of the classics of Tibetan buddhist literature. A specialist in tantric Mahākaruṇā, he was a disciple of Butön Rinchen Drup and a teacher of Rendawa Zhönu Lodrö, and is counted as seventy-third in the Lamrim lineage.

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Philosophical positions of this person

Wangchuk quotes Tokme's praise of the Uttaratantra, which states: "Endowed with the essence of stamens of the ultimate definitive meaning, Is this lotus grove of the teaching of the Lord Maitreya." Wangchuk, Tsering, The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 60.


"Gyelsé Tokmé equates the naturally purified dharma-body with the tathāgata-essence by arguing that it is precisely because the latter exists in all beings that one can claim that the former exists in all beings also. However, unlike Dölpopa, he never explicitly says in his commentary that sentient beings have a fully enlightened buddha within." Wangchuk, Tsering, The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 62.

Gyelsé Tokmé emphasizes that the last-wheel teachings teach the most definitive meaning of the Buddha's thought. He states, "This meaning, which is depicted by the nine examples in this way, is the profoundest of the profound, and it is the ultimate definitive meaning." Wangchuk, Tsering, The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 61.

Other names

  • ཐོགས་མེད་བཟང་པོ་དཔལ་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • རྒྱལ་སྲས་ཐོགས་མེད་བཟང་པོ་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • རྒྱལ་སྲས་དངུལ་ཆུ་ཐོགས་མེད་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • རྒྱལ་སྲས་ཆོས་རྫོང་པ་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • དཀོན་མཆོག་བཟང་པོ་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • བཟང་པོ་དཔལ་ · other names (Tibetan)
  • thogs med bzang po dpal · other names (Wylie)
  • rgyal sras thogs med bzang po · other names (Wylie)
  • rgyal sras dngul chu thogs med · other names (Wylie)
  • rgyal sras chos rdzong pa · other names (Wylie)
  • dkon mchog bzang po · other names (Wylie)
  • bzang po dpal · other names (Wylie)

Affiliations & relations

  • Kadam · religious affiliation
  • red mda' ba gzhon nu blo gros · student
  • 'jam dbyangs don yod rgyal mtshan · student

On the topic of this person