Verse IV.43

From Buddha-Nature
Ratnagotravibhāga Root Verse IV.43

Verse IV.43 Variations

करुणाम्बुदतस् तद्वत् सद्धर्मसलिलं जिनः
जगत्कुशलसस्येषु निर्विकल्पं प्रवर्षति
E. H. Johnston as input by the University of the West.[1]
karuṇāmbudatas tadvat saddharmasalilaṃ jinaḥ
jagatkuśalasasyeṣu nirvikalpaṃ pravarṣati
E. H. Johnston as input by the University of the West.[2]
དེ་བཞིན་ཐུགས་རྗེའི་སྤྲིན་ལས་ནི། །
རྒྱལ་བའི་དམ་ཆོས་ཆུ་ཡི་ཆར། །
འགྲོ་བའི་དགེ་བའི་ལོ་ཏོག་རྒྱུ། །
རྣམ་པར་རྟོག་པ་མེད་པར་འབེབས། །
So the victor showers down
The rain of the genuine dharma
From the clouds of compassion without a thought
For the sake of the harvests of virtue of beings.
De même, des nuages de la compassion
Tombe sans la moindre pensée
La pluie des saints enseignements du Vainqueur
Qui promet aux êtres des moissons de vertus.

RGVV Commentary on Verse IV.43

།སྤྲིན་བཞིན་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་ནི། ཇི་ལྟར་དབྱར་གྱི་དུས་ན་སྤྲིན། །ལོ་ཏོག་ཕུན་སུམ་ཚོགས་པའི་རྒྱུ། །ཆུ་ཡི་ཕུང་པོ་འབད་མེད་པར། །ས་ལ་མངོན་པར་འབེབས་པ་ལྟར། །དེ་བཞིན་ཐུགས་རྗེའི་{br}སྤྲིན་ལས་ནི། །རྒྱལ་བའི་དམ་ཆོས་ཆུ་ཡི་ཆར། །འགྲོ་བའི་དགེ་བའི་ལོ་ཏོག་རྒྱུ། །རྣམ་པར་རྟོག་པ་མེད་པར་འབེབས། །ཇི་ལྟར་འཇིག་རྟེན་དགེ་བའི་ལམ་འཇུག་པ། །རླུང་བསྐྱོད་ཆུ་ཆར་སྤྲིན་གྱིས་འབེབས་པ་ལྟར། །དེ་བཞིན་བརྩེ་རླུང་འགྲོ་དགེ་མངོན་འཕེལ་ཕྱིར། །སངས་{br}རྒྱས་སྤྲིན་ལས་དམ་ཆོས་ཆར་པ་འབེབས། །སྲིད་ལ་མཁྱེན་དང་བརྩེ་ཆེན་འགྱུར་བ་དང་། །མི་འགྱུར་མ་གོས་ནམ་མཁའི་དཀྱིལ་གནས་པ། །ཏིང་འཛིན་གཟུངས་ཆུ་དྲི་མེད་སྙིང་པོ་ཅན། །ཐུབ་དབང་སྤྲིན་ནི་དགེ་བའི་ལོ་ཏོག་རྒྱུ།

Other English translations[edit]

Obermiller (1931) [9]
In a like way, from the clouds of Commiseration
The rain of the waters of the Lord’s Highest Doctrine
Is the cause of the harvest of virtue with living beings,
And descends without any searching thought.
Takasaki (1966) [10]
In a similar manner, the Buddha
Discharges the rain of the Highest Doctrine
From the clouds of Compassion, with no searching thought,
For [bringing] the crops of virtue among the living beings.
Fuchs (2000) [11]
Just so, from the cloud of compassion
the rain of the Victor's pure teaching
pours down its waters without ideation,
causing a harvest of virtue for beings.

Textual sources[edit]

Commentaries on this verse[edit]

Academic notes[edit]

  1. Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon Unicode Input
  2. Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon Unicode Input
  3. Brunnhölzl, Karl. When the Clouds Part: The Uttaratantra and its Meditative Tradition as a Bridge between Sūtra and Tantra. Boston: Snow Lion Publications, an imprint of Shambhala Publications, 2014.
  4. Jñānālokālaṃkārasūtra, D100, fols. 282a.4–283a.5.
  5. I follow MB sasyasaṃpadāṃ against J sasyasaṃpadaḥ.
  6. VT (fol. 16r5) glosses "awareness" (saṃvid) as "the four discriminating awarenesses (pratisaṃvid) of dharmas, meanings, semantics, and self-confidence." The awareness of (1) dharmas means to fully know the individual characteristics of all phenomena or to teach the eighty-four thousand doors of dharma as various remedial means in accordance with sentient beings’ different ways of thinking. (2) The awareness of meanings is to fully know the divisions and classifications of all phenomena, that is, knowing the meanings that are expressed by the words and statements about the general characteristics of phenomena—impermanence, suffering, emptiness, and identitylessness—and their ultimate characteristic—the lack of arising and ceasing. (3) The awareness of semantics refers to knowing the languages, symbols, and terms of all the various kinds of sentient beings and being able to please them through this; being able to teach many meanings through a single word; and being free from words that are mistaken, rushed, or repetitive. (4) The awareness that is self-confidence means to be able to hear the dharma from others and eliminate one’s own doubts, explain the dharma to others and thus eliminate their doubts, and speak meaningfully, swiftly, without interruptions, and unimpededly.
  7. VT (fol. 16r5) glosses "perishable" and "not perishable" as "[saṃsāric] existence" and "nirvāṇa,"respectively.
  8. Compare the Mahāyānasūtrālaṃkārabhāṣya on XX.38cd, which says, "It is called ‘Cloud of dharma’ because the gate of samādhi and the gate of dhāraṇī pervade, like a cloud, the dharma that was heard—the sky-like foundation in which they are deeply immersed" (samādhimukhadhāraṇīmukhavyāpanān meghenevākāśasthālīyāśrayasaṃniviṣṭasya śrūtadharmasya dharmameghety ucyate).
  9. Obermiller, E. "The Sublime Science of the Great Vehicle to Salvation Being a Manual of Buddhist Monism." Acta Orientalia IX (1931), pp. 81-306.
  10. Takasaki, Jikido. A Study on the Ratnagotravibhāga (Uttaratantra): Being a Treatise on the Tathāgatagarbha Theory of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Serie Orientale Roma 33. Roma: Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente (ISMEO), 1966.
  11. Fuchs, Rosemarie, trans. Buddha Nature: The Mahayana Uttaratantra Shastra. Commentary by Jamgon Kongtrul and explanations by Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso. Ithaca, N. Y.: Snow Lion Publications, 2000.