Phywa pa chos kyi seng+ge
phywa yul (stag rtse khul)
Year of the Female Earth Ox, 2nd sexagenary cycle.
2 Library Items
On the topic of this person
Philosophical positions of this person
He usually considers it to be definitive with some exceptions:
- "Chapa also asserts that the Uttaratantra is a definitive work. He uses phrases such as "the supreme meaning" (mchog gi don) and "the secret of the Mahāyāna" (theg pa chen po'i gsang ba) to refer to the Uttaratantra." Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 18.
- "While Chapa shows that the Uttaratantra is definitive, he demonstrates that certain phrases in the Uttaratantra are not necessarily definitive—such as the passage teaching the buddha-element as cause. This is because for Chapa being a cause in this context entails being conditioned and conventional and something that exists only on the causal state of enlightenment, whereas the buddha-element is unconditioned and ultimate and something that exists pervasively as the ultimate nature on both the causal and resultant levels of enlightenment." Wangchuk, Tsering.The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 19.
"...both Ngok and Chapa argue that sentient beings do not have tathāgata-essence on the basis of the first reason because they do not have the purified enlightened body of a buddha, rather they have the potential to achieve an enlightened state. However, they agree that sentient beings have the tathāgata-essence from the perspective of the second reason, which is that such-ness is indivisible or nondual. As Ngok states, 'That both a tathāgata and ordinary beings have [tathāgata] essence is actually the case.' The first reason is true only for enlightened beings, but only designated for ordinary beings; the second reason applies to both enlightened beings and sentient beings. Therefore, the two Kadam masters argue that sentient beings do not have the tathāgata-essence from the perspective of either the first reason of the resultant essence or the third reason of the causal essence. Rather it is the second reason that becomes the central point for establishing the link between enlightenment and sentient beings. It is the middle reason that shows that sentient beings and tathāgatas are the same in their ultimate nature. In other words, the only thing that sentient beings have in common with enlightened beings is the ultimate nature of their minds."
Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, pp. 17-18.
"Therefore, for both Ngok and Chapa, the Uttaratantra is a definitive work, and it is also a treatise that explains the meaning of the last-wheel sutras such as the Tathāgatagarbhasūtra and the Śrīmālādevīsūtra." Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 20.
"For him, the fact that the Uttaratantra teaches all sentient beings as having the buddha-nature shows that the Uttaratantra is a Madhyamaka text, not Cittamātra. Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 23.
Chapa was clearly a participant in the rngog lugs.
- "These two traditions of rngog and btsan were respectively called the "analytical tradition" (thos bsam gyi lugs) and "meditative tradition" (sgom lugs)." Kano. K., Buddha-Nature and Emptiness, p. 242.
- "The lineage through Ngog Lotsāwa is often called "the exegetical tradition of the dharma works of Maitreya" (byams chos bshad lugs), while Dsen Kawoché’s transmissions represent "the meditative tradition of the dharma works of Maitreya" (byams chos sgom lugs)." Brunnhölzl, K., When the Clouds Part, p. 123.
- Wangchuk's wording of this is confusing or perhaps mistaken, see Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 8.
"Tathāgata-essence must not be connected to either the first reason—the notion that the resultant buddha-body pervades all beings—or the third reason which is that causal buddha-nature exists in all beings. Therefore, tathāgata-essence is neither the resultant buddha-body nor the causal buddha-nature, rather it is the ultimate nature of suchness." Wangchuk, Tsering. The Uttaratantra in the Land of Snows, p. 16.
- ཆ་པ་ཆོས་ཀྱི་སེངྒེ་ · other names (Tibetan)
- ཕྱ་པ་ཆོས་ཀྱི་སེངྒེ་ · other names (Tibetan)
- གསང་ཕུ་ནེའུ་ཐོག་མཁན་རབས་༠༦་ · other names (Tibetan)
- cha pa chos kyi seng+ge · other names (Wylie)
- phya pa chos kyi seng+ge · other names (Wylie)
- gsang phu ne'u thog mkhan rabs 06 · other names (Wylie)
Affiliations & relations
- Kadam · religious affiliation
- Sangpu Neutok Monastery · primary professional affiliation
- gro lung pa blo gros 'byung gnas · teacher
- byang chub grags · teacher
- zhang tshe spong chos kyi bla ma · teacher
- Karmapa, 1st · student
- phag mo gru pa rdo rje rgyal po · student
- bsod nams rtse mo · student
- rma bya byang chub brtson 'grus · student
- gtsang nag pa brtson 'grus seng+ge · student
- 'jad pa slob dpon ston skyabs · student
- slob dpon gtsang pa 'jam seng · student
- nyang bran pa chos kyi ye shes · student
- ldan ma dkon mchog seng+ge · student
- dan 'bag pa smra ba'i seng ge · student