From Buddha-Nature


'phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa rdo rje gcod pa zhes bya ba theg pa chen po'i mdo
Dà bōrě jīng dì jiǔ huì néng duàn jīngāng
The Diamond Sūtra; The Perfection of Wisdom Sūtra called The Diamond Cutter
One of the most revered and recited scriptures of the perfection of wisdom genre (prajñāpāramitāsūtras), perhaps second only to the Heart Sūtra, both of which became especially popular in the East Asian Buddhist traditions. It is a crucial source for Mahāyāna tenets of selflessness and the emptiness of phenomena, and its discourse is framed as an explanation of how to enter into the vehicle of the bodhisattvas by developing and sustaining their enlightened perspective.
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Relevance to Buddha-nature

Though this is generally considered an important source text for the Madhayamaka teachings, it is quoted in the Uttaratantra, though it is not explicitly cited as the source of the quotation.

Translations of This Text

  • Price, A. F., and Wong Mou-Lam, trans. The Diamond Sutra and The Sutra of Hui Neng. The Clear Light Series. Berkeley, CA: Shambhala Publications, 1973.
  • Read Pine, trans. The Diamond Sutra: The Perfection of Wisdom. Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint Press, 2001.
  • Ch'ih, Heng (Buddhist Text Translation Society), trans. The Diamond Sūtra: A General Explanation of the Vajra Prajñā Pāramitā Sūtra by Dhyāna Master Hsüan Hua. San Francisco: Sino-American Buddhist Association, 1974.
  • Cornu, Philippe, and Patrick Carré, trans. Soûtra du diamant: Et autres soûtras de la voie médiane. Paris: Fayard, 2001.
  • Conze, Edward, trans. Buddhist Wisdom Books Containing the Diamond Sutra and the Heart Sutra. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Conze, Edward, trans. "The Diamond Sutra." In Perfect Wisdom: The Short Prajñāpāramitā Texts, 122-39. London: Luzac, 1973.
  • Beal, Samuel, trans. "Vajracchedika, the 'Kin Kong King,' or Diamond Sūtra." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1, no. 1/2 (1865): 1-24.
  • Müller, F. Max, trans. "The Vagrakkhedikâ." In Buddhist Mahâyâna Texts, edited by F. Max Müller, pt. 2, 109–44. Sacred Books of the East 49. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1894.
  • Gemmell, William, trans. The Diamond Sutra (Chin-Kang-Ching), or Prajna-Paramita. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1912.
  • Konow, Sten, ed. and trans. "The Vajracchedikā in the Old Khotanese Version of Eastern Turkestan." In Manuscript Remains of Buddhist Literature Found in Eastern Turkestan: Facsimiles with Transcripts Translations and Notes, edited by A. F. Rudolf Hoernle et al., 214–39 (intro); 239-76 (text); 276-88 (trans). Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916.
  • Wai-tao, Bhikshu, and Dwight Goddard trans. "The Diamond Sutra." In A Buddhist Bible. Rev. and enl. ed. Edited by Dwight Goddard, 87–107. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1938.
  • Lee, Shao Chang, trans. "The Diamond Sutra: Translated from Kumarajiva's Chinese Version." In Popular Buddhism in China: With Translations of Ten Buddhist Poems, Thirty-Two Buddhist Proverbs, Hsüan Ts'ang's "Essence of the Wisdom Sutra," and Kumarajiva's "Diamond Sutra", 27–52. Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1940.
  • Kuan, Ven. Cheng, trans. The Diamond Prajna-Paramita Sutra (The Diamond Sutra): An Annotated Edition with Chinese Text. 2nd ed. Taipei: Vairocana Publishing, 2007.
  • Schopen, Gregory, ed. and trans. "The Manuscript of the Vajracchedikā Found at Gilgit: An Annotated Transcription and Translation." In Studies in the Literature of the Great Vehicle: Three Mahāyāna Buddhist Texts, edited by Luis O. Gómez and Jonathan A. Silk, 89–139. Ann Arbor, MI: Collegiate Institute for the Study of Buddhist Literature and Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan, 1989.
  • Soeng, Mu, trans. The Diamond Sutra: Transforming the Way We Perceive the World. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2000.
  • Nhat Hanh, Thich, trans. The Diamond That Cuts Through Illusion: Commentaries on the Prajñaparamita Sutra. Rev. ed. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press, 2010.
  • Schopen, Gregory, trans. "The Perfection of Wisdom." In Buddhist Scriptures, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr., 450–63. London: Penguin Books, 2004.
  • Poppe, Nicholas, trans. The Diamond Sutra: Three Mongolian Versions of the Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramirā; Texts, Translations, Notes, and Glossaries. Asiatische Forschungen 35. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1971.
  • Tsultrim, Gelong Thubten (George Churinoff), trans. The Exalted Mahāyāna Sūtra on the Wisdom Gone Beyond Called The Vajra Cutter. Based on the Tibetan Lhasa Zhol printing. Portland, OR: Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition, 2011.
  • Gnoli, Raniero, ed. Testi Buddhisti in Sanscrito. Classici della Religioni 42. Turin, Italy: Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, 1983.
  • Walleser, Max, trans. Prajnaparamita: Die Vollkommenheit der Erkenntnis; Nach Indischen, Tibetischen, und Chinesischen quellen. Quellen der Religions-Geschichte. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1914.
  • Harrison, Paul. "Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā: A New English Translation of the Sanskrit Text Based on Two Manuscripts from Greater Gandhāra." In Buddhist Manuscripts in the Schøyen Collection. Vol. 3, edited by Jens Braarvig, 133–59. Oslo: Hermes Publishing, 2006.
  • Joshi, Lal Mani, ed. and trans. Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitāsūtra with the Commentary of Asaṅga: Critically Edited and Translated into Hindi with Introduction, Notes, and Glossary. Bibliotheca Indo-Tibetica 3. Sarnath: Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, 1978.
  • de Harlez, Charles Joseph, trans. Vajracchedikâ (Prajñâpâramitâ): Traduite du texte sanscrit, avec comparaison des versions chinoise et mandchoue. Extrait du Journal Asiatique. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1892.
  • Chung Tai Translation Committee, comp. and trans. The Diamond Prajna Paramita Sutra. Puli, Taiwan: Chung Tai Shan Buddhist Foundation, 2020.
  • Luk, Charles (Lu K'uan Yü), ed. and trans. "The Diamond Cutter of Doubts: A Commentary on The Diamond Sūtra (Vajracchedikā-prajñā-pāramitā Sūtra) By Ch'an Master Han Shan (from the Chin Kang Chueh I)." In Ch'an and Zen Teaching: First Series, 147–206. The Clear Light Series. Berkeley, CA: Shambhala Publications, 1970.

Recensions of This Text

Text Metadata

Other Titles ~ ārya-vajracchedikā-nāma-prajñāpāramitā-mahāyāna-sūtra
Text exists in ~ Sanskrit
~ Tibetan
~ Chinese
Canonical Genre ~ Kangyur · Sūtra · sher phyin · Prajñāpāramitā
Literary Genre ~ Sūtras - mdo

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